| View || Liberal || Conservative |
| Economic Ideas
|| Minimum wages and progressive taxation, i.e., higher tax rates for higher income brackets. Born out of anti-federalist ideals but evolved over time to favor more government regulation.
|| Believe taxes shouldn't be increased for anyone (including the wealthy) and that wages should be set by the free market. |
| Social and human ideas
|| Based on community and social responsibility.
|| Based on individual rights and justice. |
| Stance on Military issues
|| Decreased spending.
|| Increased spending. |
| Stance on Gay Marriage
|| Support (some Democrats disagree).
|| Oppose (some Republicans disagree). |
| Stance on Abortion
|| Should not be made illegal; support Roe vs Wade (some Democrats disagree).
|| Should not be legal; oppose Roe v. Wade (some Republicans disagree). |
| Stance on Death Penalty
|| While support for the death penalty is strong among Democrats, opponents of the death penalty are a substantial fraction of the Democratic base.
|| A large majority of Republicans support the death penalty. |
| Stance on Taxes
|| Progressive (high income earners should be taxed at a higher rate). Generally not opposed to raising taxes to fund government.
|| Tend to favor a "flat tax" (same tax rate regardless of income). Generally opposed to raising taxes. |
| Stance on Government Regulation
|| Government regulations are needed to protect consumers.
|| Government regulations hinder free market capitalism and job growth. |
| Healthcare Policy
|| Support universal healthcare; strong support of government involvement in healthcare, including Medicare and Medicaid Generally support Obamacare.
|| Private companies can provide healthcare services more efficiently than government-run programs. Oppose Obamacare provisions like (1) requirement for individuals to buy health insurance or pay a fine, (2) required coverage of contraceptives. |
| Traditionally strong in states
|| California, Massachusetts, New York.
|| Oklahoma, Kansas, Texas. |
|| Elephant |
|| Red |
| Founded in
|| 1854 |
| Senate Leader
|| Harry Reid
|| Mitch M. McConnell|